Feb 22, 2021· The indoor air quality (IAQ) was investigated in sixty-four primary school buildings in five Central European countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Poland, and Slovenia). The concentration of volatile organic compounds, aldehydes, PM mass, carbon dioxide, radon, as well as physical parameters were investigated during the heating period ...
Developing indoor air quality guidelines 2 Setting indoor air quality guidelines 4 Preparation of the guidelines 7 Combined exposures 9 Use of the indoor air quality guidelines in protecting public health 11 References 13 1. Benzene 15 General description 15 Indoor sources 15 Pathways of exposure 17 Indoor concentrations 18
EN13779 is a European Standard for ventilation and air conditioning in nonresidential buildings. The standard aids ventilation designers to address factors inside and outside of a building that effect the environmental conditions for the occupants. EN13779 is a close to an indoor air quality standard that exists and includes guidelines on air ...
Oct 15, 2019· Indoor environment quality (IEQ) in buildings has a major impact on occupant health, comfort and work performance. Serious health problems may result from poor indoor air quality (IAQ), such as legionnaires’ disease, lung cancer from radon exposure, airborne infections and severe acute respiratory syndrome, or even lethal carbon monoxide poisoning.
The Europe Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) monitoring solution market size was USD million in 2019. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with IAQ monitoring solutions witnessing a positive demand shock across Europe amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the market will exhibit a stellar growth of % in 2020.
THE EFA PROJECT: INDOOR AIR QUALITY IN EUROPEAN SCHOOLS P Carrer1*, Y Bruinen de Bruin1, M Franchi2, E Valovirta2 1 Department of Occupational Health, ICP Hospital and University of Milan 2 European Federation of Asthma and Allergy Associations (EFA) ABSTRACT The objectives of the EFA project ‘Indoor Air Pollution in Schools’ were to collect
Indoor air quality requires attention because this is where people spend most of their time. Several household consumer products emit chemicals into air, for instance cleaning products, floor care products, furniture and household fabrics, air fresheners, glues, paints, paint strippers, personal care products, printed matter, electronic equipment, candles and incense.
Dec 01, 1999· Indeed, outside the Scandinavian counties, Holland, and Germany, policy on indoor air quality issues is generally poorly developed in Europe as a whole (Harrison, 1997). The introduction of new legislation may go some way towards reducing levels of contamination.
Jun 25, 2021· Indoor air quality worsened in the UK, Europe and the US over lockdown, according to a new study conducted by Airthings. In order to understand the impact that home-working and lockdown had on air pollution, the analysts looked into trends of CO2 levels during typical working hours. CO2 is …
Air quality in Europe. Context - Air quality remains an important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. Exposure to air pollution is largely a multi-pollutant process and poor air quality has a significant impact on health, as it contributes to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. European policies of air quality have ...
Outdoor air pollution in urban and rural areas in Europe 18 Indoor air pollution in urban and rural areas in Europe 20 Relevance of indoor air pollution 20 Sources of indoor air pollutoni 20 Outdoor air pollution 20 Fuel combustion 21 Tobacco smoke 21 Building materials and furnishings 21
Jun 17, 2021· Airthings’ analysts looked into CO2 trends during typical work hours to understand how working from home has affected indoor air quality in major markets. In both Europe and the United States, there is a noticeable spike in March when the lockdowns began and another steady rise in autumn when many countries went into a second lockdown.
Indoor Air Quality in European Schools Although there have been improvements to school buildings in recent years, many classrooms still don’t provide an optimum indoor environment for learning. Studies have reported that many schools have CO 2 levels above the recommended range of 1,000 to 2,000 ppm3. CO 2 concentration in classrooms
Apr 10, 2020· atmosphere Review Indoor Air Quality: A Focus on the European Legislation and State-of-the-Art Research in Italy Gaetano Settimo 1, Maurizio Manigrasso 2 and Pasquale Avino 3,* 1 Italian Institute of Health, viale Regina Elena 299, I-00185 Rome, Italy; @ 2 Department of Technological Innovations, INAIL, via Roberto Ferruzzi 38, I-00143 Rome, Italy;
Welcome to ISIAQ, the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Click here for instructions on how to access your member profile. ISIAQ is an international, independent, multidisciplinary, scientific, non-profit organization whose purpose is to support the creation of healthy, comfortable and productive indoor environments.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has always stressed the importance of indoor air quality (IAQ) and the potential danger of pollutants emitted from indoor sources; thus, it has become one of the main determinants for health. In recent years, reference documents and guidelines have been produced on many pollutants in order to: i) decrease their impact on human health (as well as the number ...
The European Solvents industry has shown continuous commitment to improve air quality by contributing to the reduction of total VOC emissions in the EU by more than 60% since 1990. Our industry complies with EU legislation on VOC emissions. As part of their commitment to Responsible Care, ESIG members often go beyond these regulations to ...
Context - Air pollution – be it indoors or outdoors – is a major environmental health concern as it can lead to serious health effects, such as respiratory diseases, including asthma and lung cancer. Much progress has been made in Europe in improving outdoor air quality and limit values have been set for several pollutants.
Jan 04, 2021· Indoor air pollution is the term used to describe exposure to certain substances found in homes, schools, transport, subway stations and other indoor areas. Over 900 different compounds have been found in indoor air and some pollutants may be 2-5 times more concentrated inside rather than outside buildings. Last Update 01/04/2021. Content Table.
Abstract A European project started at the end of 1992, in which, in addition to current methods, trained sensory panels were used to investigate office buildings all over Europe. The main aim of this EC‐Audit was to develop assessment procedures and guidance on ventilation and source control, to help optimize energy use in buildings while assuring good indoor air quality.